Mangystau region (kaz. Mangystau oblysy, kaz. lat. MağĞystau oblysy) is a region in the south-west of Kazakhstan, formerly called Mangyshlak. It was formed on March 20, 1973 from the southern part of the Guryev region. In 1988, the region was abolished, restored in 1990 under the name of Mangystau. The administrative center is the city of Aktau.
It is located to the east of the Caspian Sea on the Mangyshlak plateau (Mangystau), bordered in the northeast by Atyrau and Aktobe regions, in the south by Turkmenistan and in the east by the Republic of Karakalpakstan as part of Uzbekistan. It is an industrial region where 25% of Kazakhstan's oil is extracted (almost 20 million tons), and the Aktau — Zhetybai — Uzen oil pipeline passes. In addition, the "sea gate" of Kazakhstan — the city of Aktau is located in the Mangystau region.
165 642 sq. km.
Neighboring regions and countries:
in the northeast with Atyrau and Aktobe regions,
in the south — with Turkmenistan,
на востоке — с Узбекистаном.
The climate is sharply continental, extremely arid. The average temperature in January is -7 °C, in July +27 °C (on some days the maximum temperature exceeds +40 °C). Precipitation falls about 100-150 mm per year.
From the west it is washed by the Caspian Sea — the coast is projected in the west in the form of the Mangyshlak peninsula with deep gulfs of Dead Kultuk, Mangyshlak, Kazakh, Kenderli. There are Seal Islands in the Caspian Sea. The northern part with extensive salt marshes is located on the Caspian lowland, the southern part is occupied by the Mangystau Mountains (Otp, 532 m), the Ustyurt, Mangyshlak and Kenderli-Kayasanskoe plateaus (in the south). Several depressions lie below sea level, including the lowest point of Kazakhstan — the Karagie depression on the Mangyshlak Peninsula — -132 m.
Most of the territory of the region is occupied by sagebrush-saline desert with areas of shrubby vegetation on brown soils: the surface is partially covered with salt marshes, takyrovidny solonets and sands with extremely rare vegetation.
The region is divided into 5 districts and 2 cities of regional subordination:
(as of June 1, 2021, thousand people)
(data for January-March 2021,%)
(June 2021 to June 2020,%)
Average monthly salary 334 329
(for the first quarter of 2021, tenge)
Unemployment rate 4,9
(for the first quarter of 2021, % estimate
*Excluding small businesses engaged in entrepreneurial activities.