Infrastructure

Infrastructure

Telecommunications and communication

Achieved 100% digitalization of local telephony. All settlements of the region with a population of over 1000 people and more are provided with mobile communication services by 100%.

A fiber optic link from Mangistau district center to Bayandy with the installation of optical transmission systems was built.

Strengths:
1. development of telecommunication networks in rural areas of the region;
2. implementation of fiber optic network projects to provide access to the Internet.

Opportunities:
1. further development of telecommunication systems;
2. improving the quality of service for telecommunications operators.

Roads and transport

The transport and communication system of the region is represented by all modern types of transport and communication systems. The region is the most important hub of the international transport corridors North-South and TRACECA. The uniqueness of the transport system of the region is characterized by the functioning of the Aktau international sea trading port. The importance of the development of the transport infrastructure of the region is due to its considerable remoteness from other regions of Kazakhstan, especially from the political and business centers.

Car roads

The network of public roads in Mangystau Oblast is 2,586.2 km, of which: 1,033 km are of national importance, 1,553 km are local, of which 932 km are regional roads and 621 km is regional.

Of the total length of national roads in the region, 10% is without coverage (in Kazakhstan, on average, the share of gravel or non-asphalt roads is 37.6%).

Passenger transport

There are 16 intraregional, 17 urban, 13 intraregional regular routes. There are no international and interregional routes in the region. Bus fleet has 413 units. There are 2 bus stations (in Mangistau and Beyneu districts). In the region there are 58 settlements in which more than 1000 people live, 15.2% of them are not covered by regular bus service.

Railway network

The share of Mangystau Oblast in the republic-wide operational length of general use railway tracks is 5.2%. The density of railways in the region is 4.73 km / 1000 sq. Km. And below the national average (in Kazakhstan - 5.41). The region takes the 10th place in the Republic of Kazakhstan in terms of density and length of railway tracks.

Through the railway network, the Mangystau region has access to: Atyrau region at Kulsary station (exc.); Aktobe region - at Tassay station (exc.); Uzbekistan - at Karakalpakstan station (excl); Turkmenistan - at Bolashak station (on).

The regional railway network consists of the KTZh “Beineu - border with Uzbekistan”, “Beineu - Oporny”, “Beineu - Mangistau”, “Mangistau - Bolashak” sections and the section between Aktau sea port and Mangyshlak station.

The length of the main railway network of the region: Opornaya - Beyneu - 113.6 km; Beyneu - Oasis - 82.3 km; Beyneu - Zharkum - 154.8 km; Beyneu - Sai-Utes - 178.0 km .; Sai Utes - Mangyshlak - 226.3 km (the path I of the double track Sai Utes route - junction 9); Sai-Utes double track 2 track - junction 9 - 30.4 km; Mangyshlak - Uzen - 180.1 km; Uzen - Bolashak - 145.7 km; Beineu Park A - Beyneu Park B - 4.1 km.

All sections of railways in the Mangystau region have a single track and are non-electrified. In all areas, within the region, an automatic alarm and telecommunication system is installed.

Sea routes

The regional marine transport complex is unique for the Republic of Kazakhstan due to the presence of two seaports Aktau and Bautino, as well as the port of Kuryk (construction begins).

On average, about 12.3 million tons are shipped through seaports annually. The main cargo nomenclature is oil, metal, grain, container, rock and cargo. At the same time, the port of Aktau is involved in the transshipment of goods in export traffic, the port of Bautino specializes as a base for supporting offshore oil operations.

Aktau International Sea Trade Port - the only international port of Kazakhstan is the basis of the transport complex of the Mangystau region. The main types of cargo transshipment are crude oil and dry cargo. The port of Aktau is a part of the international transport corridors "TRACECA" and "North - South".

The port of Kuryk is defined as a transshipment point for transporting oil to Azerbaijan for connection to the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline. In order to create a transshipment point for ferry transportation, the company NC “KTZh” JSC is building a ferry complex in the port of Kuryk with a capacity of up to 4.0 million tons per year.

The port of Bautino is used as a base of support for offshore operations and carries out transshipment of cargo (equipment, building materials, fuel and lubricants, etc.) for oil producing companies. The port of Bautino is mainly based on vessels of companies engaged in the development of the Caspian Sea shelf.

Civil aviation

The only air port of the region is the airport of Aktau, which serves international and intra-Kazakhstan transportation.

The airport is certified according to ISO9001: 2008, IATA-ISAGO, ICAO. There are regular flights to the following destinations: Astana, Almaty, Atyrau, Shymkent, Oral, Aktobe, Moscow, Baku, Istanbul, Astrakhan, Mineralnye Vody, Krasnodar, Makhachkala, Yerevan, Tbilisi, Kiev.

Strengths:
1. reduction of the share of highways in unsatisfactory condition from 40.5% to 22.9%;
2. the presence of the only international seaport in Kazakhstan;
3. developed railway network (including new lines), providing communication both with other regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan and with neighboring states.

Opportunities:
1. implementation of projects for the development of transport infrastructure in the framework of the state program "Nurly Zhol" and "Development and integration of the infrastructure of the transport system of the Republic of Kazakhstan until 2020";
2. a significant increase in the region’s revenues from the intensification of transit cargo and passenger flows;
3. increasing the capacity of the port infrastructure through the expansion and modernization of existing ports, as well as the construction of a new port;
4. development of the region as a strategic, transport and logistics, and service and production section of the North-South ITC. Non-electrification and one-track railway of the region.

Power supply

MAEC-Kazatomprom LLP is the only energy-producing enterprise and power supply organization for all consumers in the Mangystau region. The transportation of electricity in cities and districts of the region is carried out through the electric networks of JSC "Mangistau Distribution Electric Grid Company" (JSC "MEDC"), in the city of Aktau - GKP "AUPET". Power supply in cities and districts of the region is carried out by state utility organizations.

The structure of MAEC-Kazatomprom LLP includes two combined heat and power plants CHPP-1 and CHPP-2, one condensing power plant of thermal power plants.

The installed electric capacity of the power plants of MAEC-Kazatomprom LLP is 1,330 MW, the operating power is 747.2 MW.

In addition, the company provides the city of Aktau and its nearby areas with drinking water and thermal energy.

The total length of the electricity supply networks in the region is 9637.76 km, including 4,056.63 km in communal ownership and 5,632.13 km in private ownership.

Heat supply

The total length of heating networks in the region is 779.7 km, which are in communal ownership.

In the cities of Aktau, Zhanaozen and Mangistau village, centralized heat supply is used. The heat supply of the city of Aktau is provided by CHP-1 and CHP-2 LLP "MAEK-Kazatomprom". The level of provision of district heating services to the region is 51%.

The heat supply of the city of Zhanaozen is made by the central boiler house GKP "Ozenzhyl"

In district centers and rural settlements, autonomous boilers and gas boilers are used as heat sources. Switching them to centralized heating is not economically feasible.

Gas supply

The total gas transmission system of Mangistau Oblast (hereinafter MO) consists of trunk and distribution gas pipelines owned by Intergas Central Asia, JSC (hereinafter referred to as ICA), KazTransGas Aimak JSC (hereinafter referred to as KTGA).

The total length of gas pipelines in the region is 4,926 km, of which: main gas pipelines - 1,930.00 km; distribution gas pipelines - 2 995.9 km. Gas pipeline networks in the context of balance holders: main gas pipelines: owned by ICA - 1,501.8 km; owned by KTGA - 428.2 km; Distribution pipelines: owned by KTGA - 2 995.9 km.

Strengths:
1. non-volatility of the region;
2. 100% coverage of populated areas of the region with natural gas;
3. 1.5 fold reduction in accidents on heat networks.

Opportunities:
1. replenishment of energy deficit due to the development of renewable energy sources;
2. development of all types of infrastructure due to the implementation of measures of the “Program for the development of regions until 2020”

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